The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management publishes original articles on topics relevant to studying, implementing, measuring and managing knowledge management and intellectual capital.

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Journal Article

Knowledge Management in Evidence‑Based Medical Practice: Does the Patient Matter?  pp281-292

William Boateng

© Nov 2010 Volume 8 Issue 3, Editor: David O'Donnell, pp267 - 344

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Abstract

Evidence‑based medicine has greatly influenced decisions and actions throughout the health care industry for a couple of decades, particularly in the advanced countries. However, little is known as to how patients with their tacit knowledge have fitted into the evidence‑based medical practice equation especially in the developing world, hence the need for this study. The combined use of the theory of communicative action and the AGIL taxonomy of adaptation, goal attainment, integration, and latent pattern maintenance by Talcott Parsons served as the theoretical framework for the study. The theory of communicative action provided the benchmark in understanding how doctors and patients are motivated to adapt and integrate the explicit and tacit knowledge forms in attaining the goal of quality evidence‑based medical practice in line with the AGIL taxonomy. The qualitative interviews with fifty respondents ‑ twenty doctors and thirty patients ‑ in the central region of Ghana are utilized as the data base for the discussion. The study concludes that at present patients’ tacit knowledge does not matter in the practice of evidence‑based medicine in Ghana. This situation has to be addressed by empowering patients to be actively involved in clinical decision‑making affecting their health. This is critical because effective implementation of evidence‑based medical practice demands a good blend of explicit and tacit knowledge forms possessed by doctors and patients respectively. It is believed that embracing this strategy of managing knowledge in the health care dispensation holds the potential to bring about improved health care outcomes.

 

Keywords: knowledge management, explicit and tacit knowledge forms, codification and personalization knowledge management strategies, evidence-based medical practice

 

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Journal Article

Tacit Knowledge, its Codification and Technological Advancement  pp235-243

Nowshade Kabir

© Jul 2013 Volume 11 Issue 3, ICICKM 2012, Editor: Fernando Chaparro Osorio, pp185 - 279

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Abstract

Abstract: The paper addresses issues related to the confusion surrounding conceptual understanding of tacit knowledge and its transferability in organization's realm from an original perspective. Lately, at every level: country, industry and organization, attention to knowledge has intensified due to the realization that in "post‑capitalist society" (Drucker, 1993) knowledge is increasingly replacing traditional driving forces of economy: labor, capital and natural resources as the primary factor in economic growth. Knowledge use is now considered as imperative in all aspects of an organization. In literature there exist various typologies of knowledge, however, in organizational science most common classifications of knowledge include two general types: tacit and explicit. This paper brings clarity to the concept of tacit knowledge, nexus between tacit and explicit knowledge and effects of advances in technologies on the codification capability of tacit knowledge. It argues that many types of tacit knowledge that were considered as inexplicable just recently thanks to new technologies have become transferable. Drawing examples from knowledge science literature the author questions the rigid belief of some scholars in ineffability of tacit knowledge. The author also claims that organizations need to reassess their knowledge related strategy, particularly, in relation to tacit knowledge if they would like to develop sustainable competitive advantage from effective knowledge use. Findings: The author shows how new technologies are changing our perception of tacit knowledge and why it is time for organizations to reevaluate their knowledge strategy. Originality/Value: By showing a clear correlation between technological advancement and tacit knowledge transformability the paper contributes to the theoretical understanding of tacit knowledge.

 

Keywords: tacit knowledge, knowledge use, knowledge transferability, knowledge strategy, knowledge codification, technological advancement

 

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Journal Article

Increasing Transferability of Tacit Knowledge with Knowledge Engineering Methods  pp268-279

Thierno Tounkara

© Jul 2013 Volume 11 Issue 3, ICICKM 2012, Editor: Fernando Chaparro Osorio, pp185 - 279

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Abstract

Abstract: Knowledge transfer is a real challenge for organizations and particularly for those who have based their strategy on knowledge codification using knowledge engineering methods. These organizations are facing one major problem: their knowledge repository is used by few persons. Why? In this article, we identify barriers for transfer and appropriation of codified knowledge referential. We show that codified knowledge transfer should be a specific collaborative process taking into account three aspects: complexity and specificity of codified knowledge, readers’ profiles, and exchange channels. Then, we propose to improve knowledge transfer process by developing new specifications for the codified knowledge to increase its transferability and by elaborating a pertinent shared context for knowledge interpretation. It is an empirical methodology which optimizes continuity between knowledge codification and knowledge transfer.

 

Keywords: knowledge management, knowledge transfer, knowledge capture and codification, knowledge engineering, knowledge sharing, knowledge appropriation, organizational learning, organizational memories

 

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Journal Article

The Continuous Recombination of Codification and Personalisation KM strategies: A Retrospective Study  pp185-195

Ettore Bolisani, Antonella Padova, Enrico Scarso

© Apr 2020 Volume 18 Issue 2, Editor: Eduardo Tome, pp91 - 195

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Abstract

It is increasingly considered important to understand how companies plan their Knowledge Management (KM) strategy. The literature provides evidence that there may be different possible approaches to KM strategy. A significant distinction has been made between “codification” and “personalization”. Sometimes, these two approaches have been seen to be alternative to one another. In other cases scholars argued that a company can follow a strategy that mixes the two approaches depending on diverse intertwined factors. Still, on this topic, the literature provides various and sometimes contrasting results that need clarification and confirmation. Especially, there is the need to understand if changes in internal and external conditions may induce modifications in a firm’s KM strategy.The goal of the study is to analyse how the mix of codification and personalisation can vary over time in the same company, due to changing organizational and environmental conditions. With this purpose, the evolution of KM initiatives of a multinational company was investigated. The findings of the study confirm that the strategic mix can change over the years due to modifications in the factors of the company’s internal and external context. Furthermore, the case shows that the different factors have different weight and play a different role in influencing such changes. Specifically, in the investigated case, the factors related to the competitive context affected the evolution of the KM strategy more significantly than internal factors (which were just enablers or constraints of the evolutionary path). In addition, the study shows that this classic distinction between codification and personalization may not be easy to use in practical terms, due to the complexity of KM activities and needs in a company: this point can represent a fresh start of a future research agenda.

 

Keywords: KM strategy, Codification, Personalisation, Case study, Longitudinal study

 

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Journal Issue

Volume 8 Issue 3 / Nov 2010  pp267‑344

Editor: David O'Donnell

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Keywords: action research, case study, codification and personalization knowledge management strategies, collaborative projects, components of tacit knowledge, critical knowledge factors, design re-use, engineering design, ethnographic study, evidence-based medical practice., explicit and tacit knowledge forms, explicit knowledge, fixture and tooling, knowledge assets management, knowledge based systems, knowledge capital, knowledge integration, knowledge map, nature of tacit knowledge, new product development, organizational culture, performance improvement, research centre, social capital, tacit knowledge,

 

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Journal Issue

Volume 11 Issue 3, ICICKM 2012 / Jul 2013  pp185‑279

Editor: Fernando Chaparro Osorio

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Editorial

This special issue of EJKM contains a selection of papers presented at ICICKM 2012 in Bogota, Colombia.

 

The guest editor is Fernando Chaparro Osorio

Fernando Chaparro 2 

 

Keywords: innovation matrix, innovation index, measure of innovation, agricultural firms, innovation drivers, transactional model, knowledge management education, knowledge management curriculum, course design, experiential learning, student learning models, knowledge management faculty credentials, intellectual capital, human capital, structural capital, relationship capital, integrators, human capital, human resource value measurement, intangible assets, knowledge sharing, psychological capital, relational view of the firm, value adding web concept, absorptive capacity, social capital, tacit knowledge, knowledge use, knowledge transferability, knowledge strategy, knowledge codification, technological advancement, human intellectual capital, innovativeness, intangible assets, leadership, trust, vitality, innovating management, competitive intelligence, intellectual capital, intangible assets, knowledge economy, Brazil, oil and gas, SMEs, knowledge management, knowledge transfer, knowledge captu

 

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