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Journal Article

Impact of Intellectual Capital and its Components on Firm Performance Before and After Crisis  pp261-272

Marian Holienka, Anna Pilkov

© Jul 2014 Volume 12 Issue 4, ECIC 2014, Editor: Dagmar Caganova, pp187 - 272

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Abstract: The recent economic crisis has caused a significant discontinuity in the world of business. Companies and researchers are constantly trying to understand the key drivers that caused significant impact on companiesâ ’ performance and how to chall enge them in the future. One still insufficiently covered research issue is the role that intellectual capital and its different components have played in the performance of small and medium‑sized enterprises, and how this role has changed after the cris is. Intellectual capital has become a key value creation driver in the new economy. Its positive influence on firm performance has been proved by numerous empirical studies worldwide. Several of them also investigated how the economic crisis affected this paradigm. However, the body of knowledge supported by sound empirical findings in this field is still rather scarce. Therefore, the purpose of our study is to examine the relationship between intellectual capital (IC) and its different components, and firm performance before the recent economic crisis and in the period of recovery, among SMEs in different industries in Slovakia. To measure the level of IC and its respective components we applied the Value added intellectual coefficient (VAIC⌢) indi cator developed by Pulic. This measure, however being criticized by some authors, is the most frequent metric used to evaluate IC and its components using financial data. We selected ROA as our performance measure... Our analysis also accounted for firm s ize and financial leverage while investigating the effect of IC on SME performance. We based our analysis on panel data comprising of 2008 and 2011 financial statements of 1947 Slovak SMEs operating in 10 industries (sections according to SK NACE rev. 2 classifications). These data were obtained from business information portal Universal Register Plus operated by CRIF ‑ Slovak Credit Bureau. To compare the influence of IC on firm performance we constructed pre‑crisis (2008) and post‑crisis (2011) re gression models and analyzed the observed differences


Keywords: Keywords: intellectual capital, intellectual capital components, firm performance, VAICTM, HCE, SCE, CEE, SMEs, economic crisis


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